Tuesday, March 19, 2013

MY GRANDMA'S STORY: CHAPTER FIVE


The Radtke family, who owned the house, had built a new home across the road nearer the Russian River. Their three children were Ruby, Reva and Ray.

There was a country school nearby in a little community called Icaria*, which had been started years before by a group of French people. They had school in the summer and a long vacation in the winter time. We went to that school for a few weeks.

Father had a forty-acre piece of land near Marietta, Minnesota that he had owned for several years. It was called a "Tree Claim". He was able to buy it cheap, if he would plant ten acres of trees on it.

He sold it and with the money he bought four acres at the north end of West Street, Cloverdale, California's main street. It was one of the oldest houses in town, but well made of redwood. There was a barn and a meadow, a chicken house and all kinds of fruit trees, oranges, lemons, cherries, apricots, peaches, plums, pears, almonds and English and Black walnuts. A creek ran through the middle of the place and in the winter sometimes salmon came up from the Russian River. There was a good well from which we pulled the water in buckets. This was the first home we had ever owned and it seemed wonderful to us.

At first father didn't find any office job, so he did any kind of work he could find. Cloverdale was just putting in its first sewer system and for a while he dug sewer ditches.

Then the grapes got ripe and the whole family walked over the hill to a vineyard about a mile from town and we all worked.

When school started, Grandma Baker came to California and stayed with us a few months while father and mother went and camped at Hopland and picked Hops.

About that time, Father got a job as Assistant Postmaster. He had that job for several years. Finally a Democrat was elected President and a Democrat was appointed Postmaster. His daughter took over the job as Assistant.

Father passed Civil Service examinations and secured a job as gauger. It was a seasonal job during the winemaking time of the year.

When I was in the Eighth Grade, my sister Ella May, became very ill with tuberculosis. The doctors treated this ailment differently in those days. They had her exercise, ride bicycle and horseback and take elecution lessons. She was growing very fast and was very tall and thin. Soon she was tired out and they told the folks to take her farther from the ocean to a drier climate.

Father got a job as relief agent on the Union Pacific Railroad and we moved to Payette, Idaho and then to Caldwell, Idaho. I finished the Eighth Grade in Payette.

Ella May did not improve and she and mother wanted to go back to Minnesota. The doctor said she could not get well. We went to Redwood Falls, Minnesota, eight miles from Delhi, where we had lived before.

Grandpa and Grandma had moved from Marietta to Dawson, Minnesota and then to Redwood Falls. They had lived there several years before we moved from Delhi. They gave their farm in Marietta, Minnesota to their son, George.

Ella May died August 29, 1905, at the age of fifteen, and was buried in the cemetery in Marietta, Minnesota, where the first baby sister had been buried. Grandpa and Grandma are both buried there now.

Father had been a relief agent for the M. and St. L. R.R. but now he was given a job at North Redwood, two and a half miles from Redwood Falls.

The depot where we then lived is known as "The Birthplace of Sears Roebuck". Mr. Sears had been Agent there a short time before this. A jewelry firm had sent a shipment of watches to the druggist in North Redwood and asked him to sell them on consignment. The druggist refused them, so Mr. Sears decided to try his luck. He did so well, he tried selling other things and had such success he decided to quit his railroad job. He rented a building and started a store which finally became Sears Roebuck.

I did not go to school that year, as I could not have walked two and a half miles in the Minnesota cold and blizzards to the High School in Redwood Falls. I worked with father in the depot, selling tickets and making express and ticket reports.

I made some friends and learned to skate on the ice. The young folks had a long sled that would hold about eight people. We would pull it up a hill on the edge of town and go sliding down. The year after we left, it upset going around a curve and one of the boys broke his leg.

We had not sold our home back in Cloverdale, California; so after a year in North Redwood, Minnesota, we decided to return to California. Father got a job as agent at Hauser Junction, Idaho, twenty miles from Spokane, Washington. We were only there a short time. It was beautiful country. There was a small lake in the midst of pine trees about a mile away and many bushes of syringa, Idaho's State flower and wild strawberries growing in the woods. People from Spokane had summer homes around the lake. Wild deer roamed in the woods.

A little narrow gauge train went our from Hauser Junction to Coeur de Lane, a larger lake and summer resort about fifty miles away.

We returned to Cloverdale, California, passing by beautiful scenery through Washington and Oregon. I especially loved the scenery along the Columbia River. In a few weeks school started and some of the happiest days of my life followed during my four years in High School and two years at San Jose State Normal School.

A baby sister, Mary Louse, joined our family June 23, 1911. She was fifteen years younger than my brother Cyril.

We sold our Cloverdale home in 1914 and the family moved again; first to Berkeley, California and then to a forty acre piece of timber land in Chicago Park, Nevada County, California. Father, mother and my brother Lloyd, cleared the land and planted a pear orchard and other fruit trees for the family's use.

I taught school in Mendocino, Sonoma, Nevada and Yolo Counties, California and retired to marry Vera D. Curtis on December 1, 1923. We lived on The Curtis Ranch in Brooks, Yolo County, California until 1952 when we retired and moved to our new home at 703 Buena Tierra Drive, Woodland, California. Vera passed away December 22, 1971 and I now live alone in our Woodland home. (NOTE from Shirley: The Curtis Ranch is where I grew up and lived until I was 17. From the age of 17 to 35, I lived in my Grandma's Woodland, California home at 703 Buena Tierra Drive before moving to Utah).

Our only child, our daughter, Martha LaVerne Curtis (Holland) and her husband Thomas Holland, and their three children now live on the Yolo County Curtis Ranch. The children are Nancy, age twenty-one; Stanley, age twenty; and Shirley, age ten. They own the place and raise almonds, alfalfa, grain and cattle and a few walnuts.

The Nevada County, California property which my parents owned was sold. All of my family (the Browne family), have passed away; my brother Cyril in April of this year, 1973.

I am eighty-one and hope to hold out for a few more years. LaVerne and family live twenty-five miles away and come often and take good care of me.

At present my youngest grandchild, Shirley, is spending two weeks with me while she is taking swimming lessons at the Woodland Municipal Pool.

1973

P.S. July 7, 1977--still here; now 85...

TO BE CONTINUED.....

*Note from Shirley, upon posting note in Blogger, March 19, 2013:  Although I have read these stories my grandma wrote for me many times since childhood, I had never before stopped to think about what this Icarian community actually was that my grandma mentioned in the first paragraph of this chapter.  Today I looked it up and found it was really quite interesting--it was one of about three utopian French socialist communities set up late in the 1800's in the U.S.  I am posting the description from Wikipedia below:


The Icarians (pron.: /ɪˈkɛriənz/) were a French utopian movement, founded by Étienne Cabet, who led his followers to America where they established a group of egalitarian communes during the period from 1848 through 1898.

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[edit]European roots

Étienne Cabet was born in France in 1788. He attended law school, practiced politics and journalism and was also a political organizer for a semi-secret revolutionary group called the Carbonari, which had been founded by theMarquis de Lafayette. He was a supporter of the democratic sentiments that led to the July Revolution and was elected to the new national assembly in 1831. However, he criticized the monarchy for not doing enough to restore democratic rights. In 1832, he wrote L'Histoire Populaire de la Revolution Française de 1789 à 1830 (Popular History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1830), an indictment of the ancien regime and of the oppression of 19th century industrial society. Because of this book, he was convicted of treason in 1834 . He fled to London and returned to France in 1839. In England, Cabet was introduced to the ideas of Sir Thomas More and Robert Owen. On his return, he published Voyage en Icarie, (The Voyage to Icaria), a narrative blueprint of a communal Utopia, published initially under a pseudonym in 1840. Cabet's utopian ideas influenced Karl Marx, who later abandoned them,[1] and other socialist thinkers. Their society believed that by sharing property, poverty would be eliminated and everyone could then contribute to the whole and obtain a peaceful existence. The end result would be equality for all. The book was tremendously popular, with hundreds of thousands of readers. In 1846, he wrote Vraie Christianisme Suivant Jesus-Christ, a work influenced by Cathar ideas of dualist anti-materialism and from the anti-clerical ideas of the Enlightenment.
On April 16, 1848, Etienne Cabet rode through the streets of Paris on a white stallion looking for followers for his perfect society. Cabet targeted members of the middle class, also referred to as the bourgeois, as well as peasant farmers. He needed people who had handiness in manufacturing, weaving, tailoring as well as any other useful skills that could ensure that their new society in America would be as self-sufficient as possible. This also included women who could keep house and care for the sick. Silk making was of one of the many trades that Cabet was looking to incorporate. These artisans came from Lyon and other towns.
To advertise this society, he published articles in his newsletter called Le Populaire. This publication was unique because three-quarters of its shareholders were the artisans that followed Cabet's ideas. Le Populaire had a circulation of 4,500, which outsold the other radical papers of the era. It was written in simple language that was attractive to the French middle class. A second publication, Le Village, was written for rural peasant readers, as he realized that he would also need farmers in his American Icaria.

[edit]Politics and planning

For the Icarians, the remedy for any problem would be a better social and political organization. The society was free, meaning that it imposed itself upon no one. Anyone could join as long as they adopted its principles entirely. The political structure consisted on one president who was elected annually, and four officers each in charge of finance, farming, industry and education. Prospective members of the community were admitted by a majority vote of adult males. This was after the prospective member had lived in the society for four months and pledged $80. Members were required to forfeit all of their property.
Cabet was strongly influenced by events of the July Revolution of 1830, in which a democratic uprising replaced the last Bourbon king with an Orleanistmonarch who granted a new constitution respecting civil rights. These rights were diminished over time, (Victor Hugo's Les Misérables describes the events of 1832) and Cabet wrote a utopian work about an ideal society entitled Voyage en Icarie. This work captured the imagination of hundreds of thousands of readers in France, leading to a utopian movement. In 1847 in Le Populaire, in an article entitled "Allons en Amerique!" Cabet called on his followers to create a real utopian community in the United States.[2]
Karl Marx's vision of a perfect worker's utopia was strongly influenced by both Cabet's idealism and by the proof of it as a working reality in Illinois and Iowa.[citation needed]

[edit]American settlements

[edit]New Orleans

In 1848, fifteen hundred followers of Cabet rallied at the port of Le Havre, France to set sail for the United States. They landed at New Orleans and settled near Fort WorthTexas. They had originally decided on Texas because of the abundant land, freedom from police surveillance and separation of church and state. The Icarians arrived in New Orleans on March 27, 1848 and remained there for almost four years while the Avant-Garde tried to establish a colony in Texas. When the Texas colony proved unsuccessful, the Icarians bought land in Nauvoo, Illinois and moved there in 1852.

[edit]Denton County, Texas

A group of 69 Icarian colonists known as the Avant-Garde travelled from New Orleans to a site in Denton County in Texas (northwest of Dallas), by way ofShreveport and "Sulphur Prairie", arriving at the site on May 31, 1848. The land was inhospitable and they ran out of supplies, causing difficulty for the pioneers. They missed the July deadline for filing a land claim. In August, a second group of Avant-Garde arrived at the colony in Texas. The leadership of the colony decided to abandon the site, and in September the Avant-Garde left Texas and returned to New Orleans. Several more died on the return from Texas.
In 1853, the heirs of Henri Levi filed a claim for land in Ellis County under the Peters Colony Contract and were granted 320 acres (1.3 km2) of land.

[edit]Nauvoo, Illinois

After the failure of the Texas colony, the Icarians decided to head north to Nauvoo, Illinois, a city on the Mississippi River that had recently been vacated by the Mormons after having surpassed Chicago in population to become Illinois' largest city in 1844.[3][4] Nauvoo became the first permanent Icarian Community in the early 1850s. In the census of 1850, 505 family names are listed in Icarian Nauvoo; by 1854, there were 405 members of the colony. Most of these were from France, though some had come from Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, Hungary, Sweden, Holland, England, and the United States. Two periodical papers were published, the Real Icarienne in French and Der Communist in German.
A charter created by the Society in 1853 specified that residents of the Nauvoo colony were required to donate all their worldly goods to the community, which had to include a minimum of $60. Those who passed a probationary period of four months would be allowed to move to the permanent colony in Iowa.
In 1852, a lawsuit was filed in Paris against Cabet regarding claims by some of the Icarian colonists. Cabet returned to France for 18 months. When he returned, he implemented rules about talking in workshops, banning smoking, and other regulations which were unpopular with some members of the community. The Icarian community in Nauvoo split by a vote of 219 to 180. Cabet and his followers left Nauvoo in October, 1856 and went to St. Louis. The Nauvoo colony had financial difficulties and was forced to disband in 1860.

[edit]Corning, Iowa


Plaque at the Icarian cemetery at the jeune icariens community listing those who died here from 1878-1898; erected by the state of Iowa in 1992.
In 1852, Icarians purchased land in Adams County, Iowa to form a new permanent settlement, and Icarians began settling southwest of Queen City in 1853. In 1860, when the Nauvoo colony went bankrupt, many members of the community moved to the new site in Iowa. The settlers arrived with nothing but their skills along with $20,000 of debt. Their land was that of 4,000 acres (16 km2) where they first found shelter in mud hovels and then in crudely built log cabins. The colony near what became Corning, Iowawas granted a charter of incorporation by the state of Iowa in 1860. The community prospered during theCivil War by selling food at good prices, and they were able to pay their collective debt by 1870.
In the 1870s, the Icarian colony near Corning had another split. The "vieux icariens" were against allowing women the right to vote, but the "jeunes icariens" were in favor. By a vote of 31-17, the entire community voted against the franchise for women. After that, the jeunes icariens moved to a new site on the same property about one mile southeast. The move was done by moving eight frame houses from the original colony.[5] The vieux icariens community was no longer viable and was forced to disband due to bankruptcy in 1878. The new community established a new constitution in 1879.[6]

French Icarian colony being rebuilt as a living history site near Corning, Iowa.
In 1898, this last community of Icarians disbanded voluntarily; the members chose to integrate into the surrounding towns. A historical exhibit about the Icarians can be found in the lobby of the Adams County hall in Corning, and a living history site is being rebuilt on the location of the site where the Icarians lived until 1898.

[edit]Cheltenham, Missouri

The Icarians who had left Nauvoo arrived in St. Louis on November 6, 1856. Cabet died two days later. On February 15, 1858, a group of 151 Icarians took possession of a few hundred acres in Cheltenham, St. Louis, Missouri. This colony quickly fell into various arguments. During the Civil War, many young men joined the Union cause. By 1864, only about twenty residents remained on the property. In March 1864, A. Sauva returned the keys to the property to Thomas Allen (from whom the property had been purchased in 1858), leaving a large debt.
In 1872, the buildings went into a state of disrepair, and in 1875, a fire destroyed the buildings on this property, removing the last evidence of the Icarian colony.

[edit]Cloverdale, California

A new colony of "Icaria Speranza" was established by Jules Leroux (brother of French socialist philosopher Pierre Leroux) and Armand Dehay, who in 1881 moved from Jeune Icarie to an area just south of Cloverdale, California. This settlement disbanded in 1886. Today there is a historical marker just south of town marking where their schoolhouse was.[7]

[edit]Community structure

[edit]Equality

The Icarians (in German, Ikarier) lived in communal dwellings of dormitories that shared central living and dining areas. All families lived in two equal rooms in an apartment building and had the same kind of furniture. Children were raised in a communal creche, not just by their own parents. Tasks were divided among the group; one might be a seamstress and never need to cook.

[edit]Housing

When the Icarians first arrived at Nauvoo on March 15, 1849, they purchased a number of buildings, grounds, houses, cattle and the like. The burned-out Mormon Temple had an enclosed area of 4 acres (16,000 m2) which the Icarians intended to use as an academy or school.
After all purchases and repairs were done, the Nauvoo Icarian village consisted of a dwelling of individual apartments, two schools (one for girls and the other for boys), two infirmaries, a pharmacy, a large community kitchen with dining hall, a bakery, a butchery, and a room for laundry facilities. Soon thereafter, a steam-powered flour mill, a distillery, pigsty and sawmill were added. A local coal mine was worked for fuel.
The housing situations in Iowa and California were not anywhere near as organized as those in Illinois. What little information is available paints a picture of oppression and despair.[citation needed]

[edit]Work

All work was divided by gender. Men worked as tailors, masons, wheelwrights, shoemakers, mechanics, blacksmiths, carpenters, tanners, and butchers. Women worked as cooks, seamstresses, washerwomen and ironers. To earn money, the Icarians established commerce with the outside world by a small store out side of St. Louis. Here they sold their handmade shoes, boots and dresses, and also sold items made by the mills and distillery.

[edit]Religion

The Icarians believed in a higher power and had a ten-section principle that briefly stated what they thought was needed in a perfect society.
The religion of choice should have an understanding of the following:
  • Evil, Misfortune
  • Intelligence
  • Causes of Evil
  • God and Perfection
  • Destiny of Humanity, Happiness
  • Sociability
  • Perfectibility
  • The Remedy
  • God, Father of the Human Race
At eighteen years of age, the Icarians were instructed on world religions. Marriage in the community was highly encouraged, almost insisted upon. Divorce was allowed; however, members were encouraged to remarry as soon as possible.
Cabet's book Vraie Christianisme (True Christianity) was often read from and formed the dominant influence on religious thought, though it was not intended as a specific instruction on religious observances. In the Iowa colony, the Icarians adopted the practice of an informal religious gathering known as the "Cours Icariens" ("Icarian Course") on Sunday afternoons. In addition to reading from Vraie Christianisme and other books, these gatherings included quiet games and conversation.

[edit]Culture

Culture in Icaria was the second highest priority, second only to education. The community held several concerts and theatrical productions for the entertainment of its members, performing works such as "The Salamander", "Death to the Rats", "Six Heads in a Hat", or "Fisherman's Daughter".
In Nauvoo, there was a library of over 4,000 books, the biggest in Illinois at the time. The community also distributed a biweekly newspaper titled Colonie Icarienne.
The most important holidays were February 3, the anniversary of the First Departure of Icarians from France, and July 4, the summer festival. On July 4, the refectory was decorated with garlands and boughs; cardboard signs declared "Equality", "Freedom", and "Unity", and banners had quotations like "All for Each; Each for All", "To Each According to Their Needs", and "First Right is to Live; First Duty is to Work". They raised the American flag and played the "Star Spangled Banner" and "America". They travelled into Corning to watch the Fourth of July parade, but they remained apart from the anglophone Americans. At the end of the day, they returned to Icaria (three miles east) for a banquet, dance, and theatrical presentation. Icarians also celebrated Christmas, New Year's Day, and the Fete du Mais, a fall harvest corn festival similar to Thanksgiving.

[edit]Gender equality

Men and women were given equal participation opportunities in weekly community assemblies, voting on admissions, constitutional changes, and the election of the officer in charge of clothing and lodging.

[edit]Summary

From start to finish, the Icarian movement lasted forty-nine years. Like all utopias of this era, the Icarians met their demise from within their own community. Poor planning and poor financial management along with personal disputes seem to be at the root of the disbandment. Although the disagreements were never mentioned in complete detail, it was obvious that debt was their biggest downfall.

[edit]Further reading

  • America's Communal Utopias, by Donald E. Pitzer, 1997, The University of North Carolina Press ISBN 0-8078-4609-0
  • An Icarian communist in Nauvoo:commentary, by Emile Vallet. With an introduction and notes by H. Roger Grant, 1917 ISBN 0-912226-06-4
  • "Socialism in America", Edited by Albert Fried, 1970, Boston Public Library.
  • "Dream Worlds?", by Pamela Pilbeam, 2000, The Historical Journal, Vol 43
  • "Communism and the Working Class before Marx", 1971, The American Historical Review Vol. 76
  • Soldiers of Humanity, by Dale R. Larsen, 1998, The National Icarian Heritage Society.

[edit]References

  1. ^ Letters from the Franco-German Yearbooks, Marx to Ruge, September 1843
  2. ^ Dale R. Larsen (1998). Soldiers of Humanity. The National Icarian Heritage Society.
  3. ^ http://dnr.state.il.us/Lands/Landmgt/parks/r4/nauvoo.htm
  4. ^ "American Experience: The Mormon's". Act 3 - Persecution; Chapter 5. PBS Documentary. (2006) DVD, 240 minutes.
  5. ^ Paul S. Gauthier (1992). Quest for Utopia. Gauthier Publishing Company, Corning, Iowa 50841. pp. 91-92
  6. ^ ALBERT SHAW, Ph. D. (1884). "Icaria, Chapter in the History of Communism". G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS. pp. 124ff. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
  7. ^ Hine, Robert V. (1953). California's Utopian Colonies. San Marino, Calif.: Huntington Library. pp. 58–77.

[edit]External links




Depot for Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, where my grandma lived for a while in North Redwood, Minnesota.  Several years ago, my husband was kind enough to take me to Redwood Falls, Minnesota; as I was always telling him my grandma's stories.  The depot is gone now, but they have a commemorative park with a small replica of this historic depot.  And I got my picture taken in front of the replica.Depot for Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, where my grandma lived for a while in North Redwood, Minnesota. Several years ago, my husband was kind enough to take me to Redwood Falls, Minnesota; as I was always telling him my grandma's stories. The depot is gone now, but they have a commemorative park with a small replica of this historic depot. And I got my picture taken in front of the replica.Depot for Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, where my grandma lived for a while in North Redwood, Minnesota.  Several years ago, my husband was kind enough to take me to Redwood Falls, Minnesota; as I was always telling him my grandma's stories.  The depot is gone now, but they have a commemorative park with a small replica of this historic depot.  And I got my picture taken in front of the replica.Depot for Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, where my grandma lived for a while in North Redwood, Minnesota. Several years ago, my husband was kind enough to take me to Redwood Falls, Minnesota; as I was always telling him my grandma's stories. The depot is gone now, but they have a commemorative park with a small replica of this historic depot. And I got my picture taken in front of the replica.Train depot for Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, where my Grandma lived for awhile in North Redwood, Minnesota.  This is also where Richard Sears started his selling enterprise that became Sears Roebuck.   Mr. Sears was a station agent at this depot for a while around the time my grandma lived in the depot.Train depot for Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, where my Grandma lived for awhile in North Redwood, Minnesota. This is also where Richard Sears started his selling enterprise that became Sears Roebuck. Mr. Sears was a station agent at this depot for a while around the time my grandma lived in the depot.Dawson, Minnesota historical photo--one of the towns of my grandma's childhood.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Dawson, Minnesota historical photo--one of the towns of my grandma's childhood. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Bridge in Dawson, Minnesota.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Bridge in Dawson, Minnesota. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Historic photo taken inside the North Redwood, Minnesota train depot which figures prominently in my grandma's childhood.  Her father was station agent and telegrapher here.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Historic photo taken inside the North Redwood, Minnesota train depot which figures prominently in my grandma's childhood. Her father was station agent and telegrapher here. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Historic photo taken inside North Redwood, Minnesota train depot, which my grandma lived in for a time as a girl.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Historic photo taken inside North Redwood, Minnesota train depot, which my grandma lived in for a time as a girl. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.People watching the ice break up on the river in Dawson, Minnesota.  Looks like it would not be too far from the time period when my grandma lived there.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.People watching the ice break up on the river in Dawson, Minnesota. Looks like it would not be too far from the time period when my grandma lived there. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Historical photo of Dawson, Minnesota--looks to be about exactly the right time frame (late 1800's) from when my grandma lived at the train depot there for a while in her childhood.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Historical photo of Dawson, Minnesota--looks to be about exactly the right time frame (late 1800's) from when my grandma lived at the train depot there for a while in her childhood. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Dawson, Minnesota--the all important train depot for the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad  which always centered in my grandma's childhood as her father was a station agent and telegrapher.Dawson, Minnesota--the all important train depot for the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad which always centered in my grandma's childhood as her father was a station agent and telegrapher.Train depot for the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, Marietta, Minnesota--where my grandma spent the largest part of her childhood: her first ten years in a beautiful home in Marietta.  Her father worked at the depot as station agent and telegrapher.Train depot for the Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, Marietta, Minnesota--where my grandma spent the largest part of her childhood: her first ten years in a beautiful home in Marietta. Her father worked at the depot as station agent and telegrapher.Historical photo from small town in Minnesota--Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Historical photo from small town in Minnesota--Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Delhi, Minnesota--My grandma lived here for a time during her childhood and lived in the train depot for Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, where her father worked as agent.  Some of the photos of their friends are people from this small town in the late 1800's.Delhi, Minnesota--My grandma lived here for a time during her childhood and lived in the train depot for Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad, where her father worked as agent. Some of the photos of their friends are people from this small town in the late 1800's.Aerial view small train station town in Minnesota; one of those that my grandma lived in when young.  Minnesota & St. Louis Railroad.Aerial view small train station town in Minnesota; one of those that my grandma lived in when young. Minnesota & St. Louis Railroad.Dawson, Minnesota aerial view...Minnesota & St. Louis Railroad.Dawson, Minnesota aerial view...Minnesota & St. Louis Railroad.Dawson, Minnesota--another town from my grandma's childhood.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Dawson, Minnesota--another town from my grandma's childhood. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Delhi, Minnesota--My grandma lived here as a child at the train depot where her father was agent.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Delhi, Minnesota--My grandma lived here as a child at the train depot where her father was agent. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Hazel Run, Minnesota--which figures in my grandma's story as they were traveling on the train.  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Hazel Run, Minnesota--which figures in my grandma's story as they were traveling on the train. Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Train depot at North Redwood, Minnesota where my grandma lived for awhile as a young girl.  Her father was station agent and telegrapher.  Mr. Sears of Sears, Roebuck came to work there at the time she was there. The depot is now known as the the birthplace of Sears Roebuck.  He started selling watches there and the rest is history!  Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.Train depot at North Redwood, Minnesota where my grandma lived for awhile as a young girl. Her father was station agent and telegrapher. Mr. Sears of Sears, Roebuck came to work there at the time she was there. The depot is now known as the the birthplace of Sears Roebuck. He started selling watches there and the rest is history! Minneapolis & St. Louis Railroad.My grandma, Hazel Florence Browne (Curtis) in 1912 while attending San Jose Normal School in California; born in Boynton, North Dakota in 1892.My grandma, Hazel Florence Browne (Curtis) in 1912 while attending San Jose Normal School in California; born in Boynton, North Dakota in 1892.Redwood Falls, MinnesotaRedwood Falls, MinnesotaRedwood Falls, MinnesotaRedwood Falls, MinnesotaMe in April 2000 during our trip to Redwood Falls, Minnesota; standing in front of a small-scale replica of the @[108162999204533:274:Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway] train depot my grandma lived in as a little girl, when her father was station master and telegrapher there.  (Also the birthplace of Sears Roebuck, as Mr. Sears started selling his watches at the @[103718906333959:274:Redwood Falls, Minnesota] depot at about the time my great grandfather worked there).Me in April 2000 during our trip to Redwood Falls, Minnesota; standing in front of a small-scale replica of the @[108162999204533:274:Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway] train depot my grandma lived in as a little girl, when her father was station master and telegrapher there. (Also the birthplace of Sears Roebuck, as Mr. Sears started selling his watches at the @[103718906333959:274:Redwood Falls, Minnesota] depot at about the time my great grandfather worked there).Me several years back when my husband was kind enough to drive out of our way on our travels throughout the country for his work; and take me to the small town of Redwood Falls, Minnesota, where my grandma had lived when she was young, and I was always telling him about her stories.  Her years growing up centered around the train depots and Minneapolis and St. Louis Railroad.Me several years back when my husband was kind enough to drive out of our way on our travels throughout the country for his work; and take me to the small town of Redwood Falls, Minnesota, where my grandma had lived when she was young, and I was always telling him about her stories. Her years growing up centered around the train depots and Minneapolis and St. Louis Railroad.
My grandma's sister, Ella May Browne, shortly before her death at age 15 from tuberculosis.My grandma's sister, Ella May Browne, shortly before her death at age 15 from tuberculosis.
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